Women who are at high risk of developing breast cancer have the option of prophylactic (preventive) mastectomy as a way of decreasing their risk. Factors that increase a woman’s chance of developing breast cancer include:
- a genetic predisposition to breast cancer e.g. BRCA+, Cowden's Syndrome, Li-Fraumeni Syndrome
- a strong family history of breast cancer
- a breast cancer diagnosis at a young age
- abnormal breast cells on biopsy that increase the risk of breast cancer, e.g. LCIS
- a history of previous chest radiation, e.g. treatment for Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Surgery is not the only option however. Many women prefer close monitoring and preventive drugs (known as "chemoprophylaxis").
Regardless of other choices, all women should modify their diet wherever possible to decrease their risk. It is vital you discuss all your options and the pros, cons, and risks of each before making the best decision for you.
If you choose prophylactic surgery please remember that you can also have breast reconstruction at the same time as mastectomy. There is no need to experience having a flat chest unless you specifically decide you wish to remain without breasts.
You have several reconstructive options and the results can be very natural and cosmetic. If you choose to undergo breast reconstruction at the same time, a "skin-sparing" mastectomy is usually performed. This saves all the breast skin envelope which significantly adds to the cosmetic results without increasing your risk of cancer. In many cases, the nipple-areola can be saved too. This is known as a "nipple-sparing" mastectomy.
Thankfully, most insurance plans cover the cost of prophylactic mastectomy and reconstruction in high risk patients but you will have to check with your individual plan to make 100% sure.
I hope this info helps.
PRMA Plastic Surgery specializes in state-of-the-art breast reconstruction including DIEP flap, SIEA flap, GAP flap, TUG flap, Alloderm One-Step and fat grafting. We are In-Network for most US insurance plans and routinely welcome patients from across the USA. Please call (800) 692-5565 or email patientadvocate@PRMAplasticsurgery.com to learn more about your breast reconstruction options. Connect with other breast cancer patients at facebook.com/PRMAplasticsurgery.